Visit Edinburgh Castle
Visit Edinburgh Castle which you can see stands on the Edinburgh Castle Rock, formed over 300 million years ago by volcanic eruptions. The first evidence of inhabitants on the Edinburgh Castle Rock was in the Bronze Age circa 1500 BC. Evidence of an Iron Age fort has been unearthed dated circa 90 BC. The first writings about a fortress on Edinburgh Castle Rock circa 600 AD in a poem Gododdin which tells of the Gododdin a race of warriors who lived in the south-east of Scotland and north-east of England. They left the fortress of Din Eiden (Edinburgh) and went from the castle to do battle with the Angles of Northumbria. The Gododdin were wiped out and the Angles of Northumbria took control of the area until Malcolm II took over control of the area in 1016 at the Battle of Carham and extended the borders of Scotland to the River Tweed as Northumbria extended as for as the River Forth. Edinburgh Castle originally built of wood by Malcolm III circa 1070 and then built of stone by King David I circa 1130, including the building of a small Chapel for his mother Margaret, which is now the oldest surviving building in Edinburgh Castle. The occupation of Edinburgh Castle in 1296 by Edward I of England lasted until early 1314 when the Scots led by Thomas Randolph – First earl of Moray recaptured Edinburgh Castle for the Scots. In 1335 the English under Edward III took it back until 1341 when William Douglas regained it for the Scots. In 1361 David II strengthened the fortifications of Edinburgh Castle and built a tower said to be over 60 foot high which unfortunately was destroyed very little remnants are still visible. Mons Meg a gigantic Belgian canon was delivered to Edinburgh Castle in 1457 as a gift to King James II which can still be seen today. Mons Meg has not fired since 1681. David’s Tower was destroyed in the Lang Siege in May 1573, Edinburgh Castle was left in reins and rubble and very little of the original Edinburgh Castle fortress remains from before that date. The rebuilding of Edinburgh Castle started almost immediately after Edinburgh Castle being taken by the English in 1573, with a new portcullis Gate and the rebuilding of David’s Tower with the Half-Moon battery that can be seen today. The last King to stay at Edinburgh Castle was Charles I in 1633 before his coronation. In 1650 Edinburgh Castle was once again under attack by the English led by Oliver Cromwell and after several months of siege, Edinburgh Castle was surrendered to Oliver Cromwell and the English forces. When Charles II was restored as King he set up an army garrison in Edinburgh Castle that remained until the 1920s. Edinburgh Castle became a tourist attraction and people made it popular to visit Edinburgh Castle from circa 1833 and is now one of the world’s most visited attractions.
Visit Edinburgh Castle
When you visit Edinburgh Castle see Mons Meg, the Regimental Museums the Crown Jewels.
Visit Edinburgh Castle Esplanade
Visit Edinburgh Castle Esplanade the area for four weeks of the year the world famous Edinburgh Military Tattoo his held during the month of August which is the main showcase of Edinburgh. This is when The Fringe Festival and Edinburgh International Festival takes place and tourists from around the world can be seen in their 100s of thousands. Looking around the Esplanade you can see memorials, statues and plaques to the regiments and heroes of the past battles. There is one obelisk, one statue, 3 plaques, 3 crosses, a wall fountain and hero Ensign Ewart’s grave.
When you visit Edinburgh Castle you will first have to walk up Castlehill Edinburgh which is the short road that begins at the Castle Esplanade and ends at the Tolbooth Kirk. The Gothic spire being the highest point in central Edinburgh constructed between 1842 and 1845, now the headquarters of the Edinburgh International Festival society. The other attractions in the street are the Camera Obscura & World of Illusions, (One of the oldest tourist attractions in the city), Cannonball House, Witches Well, No.1 Ramsay Lane the first Ragged School, The Scottish Whisky Experience and The Scottish Weaving Mill previously the reservoir for Edinburgh which was the main source of water for all Edinburgh residents.
On your visit to Edinburgh Castle the first street in the Royal Mile is the Lawnmarket Edinburgh, the street where the linen market was. Going down the hill on the left is the preserved 17th century townhouse Gladstone’s Land. The south side has a strong Dutch influence. Lady Stair’s House is where the Writer’s Museum is, the High Court on the left with a Statue of David Hume Scottish philosopher, historian and economist outside. Directly opposite is the site of the last public hanging. See the plaque and cobbles. Do not miss Riddles Court and the first public library, and the notorious Deacon Brodie.
The High Street is in two sections. The upper section starts at St Giles Street where the Lawnmarket ends and finishes at the Tron Kirk at the intersection of the North and South Bridges. This is the most popular area as it has been pedestrianised and there are a lot of interesting things to see and do also where most tour buses leave from in the early morning.
Royal Mile, High Street, Edinburgh (Upper section)
Royal Mile, High Street, Edinburgh (Upper section) starts at the Lawnmarket and the Canongate. There are many interesting and famous places that can be seen. Parliament House, Charles II Statue, Heart of Midlothian, St Giles Cathedral, John Knox Statue and grave, Mercat Cross, Advocates Close, City Chambers, Real Mary Kings Close, Tron Kirk, Mowbray House, The Storytelling Centre, John Knox House, The Trinity Apse Church and Museum of Childhood to list a few.
Royal Mile High Street Edinburgh (Lower section).
The Royal Mile High Street is intersected at the crossroads of the North and South Bridge and continues down to where Old Edinburgh ended at the junction of St Mary Street and Jeffrey Street where there was once a gate in the Flodden wall which protected Edinburgh from invaders.
The Canongate in the Royal Mile Edinburgh is named after the canons of Holyrood. Canon after the Canon’s of Holyrood Abbey and the Scots word gait meaning “road”. The Canongate is a small district at the heart of Edinburgh. The main street running through the area is called Canongate. The street forms the lower part of the Royal Mile Edinburgh’s historic Old Town. Until formal incorporation into Edinburgh in 1856 the Canongate was a separate Burgh, not part of Edinburgh. Look for the sites of The Girth Cross, Canongate Kirk, Dunbar Gardens, Shoemakers’ Hall Bible Land, Morocco Land, Golfers Land the statue of Robert Fergusson (Robert Burns inspiration) that stands outside the Canongate Kirk.
is a short street that is directly in front of Holyrood House (Palace).
This is the Queen’s official residence in Scotland and was built in 1498 by James IV. The Palace was set alight and burned down in November of 1650 when Cromwell’s troops were leaving. This was said to be an accident. The Tower of James V being the only part of the Palace of Holyrood House that survived. The present Palace foundations were laid in 1671 and the rebuild completed in 1674, the new occupants took up residency at the end of 1679. The then Duke of Albany and Duke of York with his family. Duke of Albany and Duke of York was later to be James II of England and VII of Scotland and family.
Horse Wynd Edinburgh was the first part of the road to London and where the Royal Coaches started their journey south to London. The journey would take approximately 13 days. Opposite the Palace is the site of the new Scottish Parliament building, continue round and you will arrive in the Queens Park where Arthur Seat.
Arthur’s Seat in Gaelic was originally pronounced ARD- NA–SAID Arthur Seat was a volcano that has shaped the land of Edinburgh for over 1000 years. Arthur Seat rises above the city to a height of 822 feet and provides excellent panoramic views of the city. It is a favourite place for visitors to climb as it is relatively easy to climb and is popular for hill walking. You can climb Arthur Seat from almost any direction. The easiest is from the east. Enter at Duddingston gates where there are steps for the first part then a grassy slope rises above Dunsapie Loch to the summit. The Radical Road is a footpath which will take you along the top of the slope immediately under Salisbury Crags which has long been a popular walk, giving a view over the city. It became known as the Radical Road after it was paved in the aftermath of the Radical War of 1820. There are three lochs that surround Arthur’s seat, Duddingston Loch, Dunsapie Loch (where Bonnie Prince Charlie and his army rested overnight prior to the battle of Prestonpans) and St Margaret’s Loch, the later where you can feed the birds and Climb to St Anthony’s Chapel and St Anthony’s well which is said to give good fortune. Arthur’s Seat also has a particular significance to the history of the Church of the Latter-Day Saints as this is where the nation of Scotland was dedicated in 1840 for the preaching of the gospel. The apostle Orsan Pratt of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (The Mormons) arrived in Scotland in early 1840 and climbed the hill to pray to god for more converts. There is a road that runs around the hill and you can see the three lochs. St Anthony’s Chapel Stands on The Fairies or Haggis Knowe overlooking St Margaret’s Loch. The beacon was put at the top of the hill in 1688. When you visit Edinburgh Castle you will get views for miles in all directions to the east a triangular hill is North Berwick to the south is Arthur Seat, west is the Forth Bridges and to the North Fife. Edinburgh Attractions