Robert Burns Scotland
Robert Burns Scotland and his family. Where he lived and died and how he became famous. People he met and where he wrote his famous poems and songs.
Robert Burns Scotland | Early Years
Robert Burns is widely regarded as Scotland’s national poet. He was born the son of a farmer in Alloway Ayrshire. As a boy he received very little regular schooling, being educated mostly by his father and a teacher John Murdoch. In his youth he began to write poetry whilst working as a labourer on his father’s farm.
Robert Burns Scotland | Statue Dumfries
The Robert Burns statue erected to his memory in Dumfries was unveiled by Lord Roseberry on the 6th April 1882 and is sculptured from Sicilian Marble. There are four plaque on the base of the statue with inscriptions that read; 1 Erected | By inhabitants of Dumfries | (With the aid of many friends) | As a | Loving tribute to their fellow townsmen | The national poet of Scotland | 6 April 1882. 2 O Scotia! My dear, my native soil! | For whom my warmest wish to heaven is sent! | Ev’n then a wish (I mind its power), | I wish that you my latest hour | Shall strongly heave my breast. | That I for poor old Scotland’s sake | Some useful plan or book could make, | Or sing a sang at least. 3 Man’s inhumanity to man. | Makes countless thousands mourn! | Affliction’s sons are brothers in distress; | A brother to relieve. How exquisite the bliss! | It’s comin’ yet for a’ that. | That man to man the world o’er | Shall brothers be for a’ that. 4 The heart ay’s the part ay | that makes us right or wrang. | Know, prudent, cautious self-control | is wisdom root. | The rank is but the guinea’s stamp, | the man’s the cowd for a’ that. | To make a happy fireside clime | to weans and wife, | that’s the true pathos and sublime | of human life.
Robert Burns Scotland | Alloway – Edinburgh
Robert Burns was born in Alloway 25 January 1759. At 7 years he moved with parents in 1766 to Mount Oliphant farm, southeast of Alloway. He began to write poetry in 1774. In 1777 he moved to Lochlea, near Tarbolton, where they stayed until they 1784 when they moved to the Mossgiel farm at Mauchline Ayrshire. Mauchline is where he met Jean Armour who he married in 1788. The story of a poet begins with a rejected job in Jamaica as he sold copies of his poems known as the Kilmarnock edition which sold out through undoubted help from his fellow masons. He then received an invite to Edinburgh from Henry Mackenzie and Dr Thomas Blacklock in 1786 after they had read Robert Burns poems. It was in 1786 he achieved national success following the publication of the Kilmarnock edition of his poems.
Robert Burns | Mauchline Ayrshire
Robert Burns lived and worked between 1784 and 1786 in a farm close to Mauchline. This is where he met Jean Armour and fathered her child out of wedlock. See minutes of court letters held in the National records of Scotland. Burns House Museum in Mauchline has a recreation of the room Robert and Jean lived in. The museum is full of rare and original artifacts and documents relating to Robert Burns life and works. Due to his father’s death in 1874 Robert and his family moved to the farm at Mossgiel, near Mauchline. Mauchline was where he became involved with freemasonry at the age of 22. He spent his time between working the farm, Lodge work and writing. Due to lack of finance Robert and was offered a job in Jamaica. To raise funds for the travel to Jamaica on the advice of a friend he sent his poems to a local printer in Kilmarnock. On 31st July 1786 Robert Burns had his first book of poems published. With his book (Kilmarnock Edition) selling out. On an invite to Edinburgh, Jamaica was cancelled and off he went to Edinburgh and fame. He returned to Mauchline in 1787 and was married to Jean Armour (who was already the mother of his children) in 1788. Robert then purchase land and built a house at Ellisland Farm near Dumfries Jean remaining in Mauchline. When The house was complete they moved to the new family home. In November 1791 they moved to Dumfries. Robert yet again requiring funds got a position as an Excise man working form the Government.
Burns House Museum Mauchline
Robert Burns Scotland| First Edinburgh Lodging
On arrival in Edinburgh the actual close Robert Burns Lived in was called Baxter’s Close, but has not survived. This was where Dr Thomas Blacklock (The Blind Poet) brought Burns from Ayrshire. The first edition of his poems being reviewed by Henry Mackenzie. Blacklock and Mackenzie were taken by his poems, the invitation was sent for him to come to Edinburgh. Robert Burns came to Edinburgh and was introduced to the wealthy and prominent merchants of Edinburgh which began his success as a poet.
Robert Burns Scotland | Writers’ Museum
The Writers’ Museum is situated in Lady Stair’s House in Lady Stair’s Close Lawnmarket Royal Mile Edinburgh. Where you can see Burns’ writing desk, plaster cast of Robert Burns’ skull, A Manuscript of Robert Burns’ draft of “Scots Wha Hae” (Robert the Bruce’s Address to his troops at Bannockburn). Also the chair Robert Burns would use when checking over his work in the office of William Smellie. The number one editor of the time, before being printed in William Creech printing office in the High street Edinburgh. William Creech published Robert Burns first Edinburgh edition of poems. Robert Burns being introduced by fellow Freemasons and members of the Scottish Enlightenment.
Robert Burns Scotland | Makars’ Court
The Makars are the award winning writers and Poets of Scotland. Each award winner has a paving slab inscribed with their name and a short paragraph of their work.Robert Burns Slab inscription reads; Robert Burns 1759 – 1796 | Man to Man the world o’er shall brithers be for a’ that.
Robert Burns Scotland | Freemasons
Robert Burns was initiated an Entered Apprentice in Lodge St. David, Tarbolton on 4 July 1781. He became a master mason on 1st October 1781 of the same lodge. He was made an honorary member of Lodge Kilmarnock Kilwinning St. John October 1786. Inaugurated Poet Laureate Lodge Canongate Kilwinning, 1 March 1787. Robert Burns was exalted a companion in the Holy Royal Arch Degree in May 1787 and Knights Templar at St. Ebbe’s Lodge, Eyemouth. On the 24th June 1788 he joined Lodge St. Andrew, In Dumfries. In 1792, he was elected Senior Warden his last position.
Robert Burns Scotland | Sir Walter Scott
The one and only time Robert Burns and Sir Walter Scott met was in the house of Professor Adam Ferguson in Sciennes House Place, also present were Adam Smith, Dugald Stewart and Joseph Black. This was a meeting place of the hierarchy of Edinburgh society. Inscription reads, ”This tablet commemorates | The meeting | of Robert Burns and | Sir Walter Scott | which took place here | In the winter of 1786”.
Robert Burns Scotland | Poetry Library
The Scottish Poetry Library in Edinburgh can be found in Crichton’s Close in the Canongate Royal Mile on the south side of the street. In the poetry library can be found many poems of Robert Burns “A Poet’s Welcome to his Love-Begotten Daughter” “Here’s a health to them that’s awa” “Address to a Haggis” “O, Wert Thou in the Cauld Blast” “The Cotter’s Saturday Night” “Epistle to Davie, a Brother Poet” “Epitaph on my own Friend” “Afton Water” “The Silver Tassie” “A Man’s a Man for a’ That” “Address of Beelzebub” “Up in the Morning Early” “To a Louse, On Seeing one on a Lady’s Bonnet at Church” “Tam o’ Shanter” “Scots Wha Hae,” “Poor Mailie’s Elegy” “Mary Morison” “John Anderson my Jo” “Holy Willie’s Prayer” “Epistle to a Young Friend. May, 1786” “Address to the Deil” “A Red, Red Rose” “To a Mouse” “A Sonnet upon Sonnets”. and other interesting facts about the man and his work.
Robert Burns Scotland |Burns Monument
The Burns Monument can be found in Regent Road Edinburgh across from the Old Royal High School and Calton Hill. The Burn’s Monument was built in 1831 and erected in 1839 to house a marble statue of Robert Burns. Also to hold artifacts of his life. The statue is now in the National Portrait Gallery in Queen Street. and artifacts are in the Writers’ Museum Royal Mile.
Robert Burns Scotland | Grassmarket
The White Hart Inn Edinburgh was established in 1516, The White Hart Inn is one of the oldest and most historic pubs in Edinburgh. Past visitors have included the poets Robert Burns and William Wordsworth. Inscription on plaque reads; In the White Hart Inn Robert Burns stayed during his last visit to Edinburgh in 1791.
Robert Burns Scotland | Robert Fergusson
Robert Fergusson was the inspiration to Robert Burns to make him the poet he turned out to be. Robert Fergusson died at the age of 24 in 1774. Robert Burns, to show how much respect he had for his fellow artist, paid for his headstone in 1787 while in Edinburgh. He wrote the inscription that can be seen on the headstone.
The inscription reads;
No sculptur’d marble here, nor pompus lay
No story’d urn nor animated bust;
This simple stone directs pale Scotia’s way
To pour her sorrows o’er her poet’s dust.
Robert Burns Scotland | Clarinda
Clarinda (Agnes “Nancy” McLehose) Jamaica or Poetry. The question that was given to Robert Burns after buying a ticket on a boat to Jamaica to follow his true love. He stayed and became a poet.
Robert Burns Scotland | Agnes McLehose
Agnes McLehose (CRAIG) (1759-1841) was known as Nancy. Nancy first came to Edinburgh to live in Potterrow near the corner with Marshall Street after her husband left her to make his fortune in Jamaica. Robert Burns first meet with Nancy on the 4th December 1787 at afternoon tea and the assignation started. Mishap and misfortune stopped them from meeting for some time but they wrote to each other regularly. The love affair was to last until their death but their last meeting was in December of 1791 when Nancy left for Jamaica to be with her now wealthy husband. Read the famous letters written with code names Nancy being (Clarinda), Rabbie being (Sylvander) and not to forget the love song to Nancy `Ae Fond Kiss’.
Robert Burns Scotland | Burns Statue Leith
Robert Burns statue in Leith was erected on the 15 October 1898. The statue stands on a sandstone pedestal which is placed on a granite base at the junction of Constitution Street and Bernard Street Leith. On each side of the pedestal is a bronze panel depicting one of Burns’ poems. Front is “The Cottar’s Saturday Night” (placed on the pedestal in 1898), on the back is “Death and Dr Hornbrook” (placed on the pedestal in 1898), and the right side is “The Smiddy” (placed on the pedestal in 1901). Left side is “Hallow’een” (placed on the pedestal in 1901).
Burns 1759 – 1796
“The priest-like father reads the sacred page – | from scenes like these old Scotia’s grandeur springs | that makes her loved at home, revered abroad:”
“When Vulcan gies his bellows breath | an plowmen gather wi’ their graith”
“In order, on the clean hearth-stane | the luggies three are ranged:” | Hallow’een | Presented by William Tulloch
“I there wi something did forgather, | that pat me in an eerie swither:” | Presented by Robert Meikle
Robert Burns Scotland | Ellisland Farm Dumfries
In 1788 he leased a farm at Ellisland 6 miles north of Dumfries and began a second job as an excise man the following year. It was at Ellisland that he wrote his famous poem about witches, “Tam O’ Shanter” in 1790. The house is set by the banks of the River Nith. Ellisland Farm is still as it was when Robert Burns lived in it and spent many hours writing works like “Auld Land Syne” being the one known by most. Ellisland Farm is now a museum and is like a shrine to Robert Burns, midway between his birthplace and his final resting place. Then in 1791 he abandoned farming and moved back to Dumfries with his family in bank Street. His song writing was at his peak and included the deals at war with excise man.
The plaque on the wall of Ellisland Farmhouse reads; During the time Robert Burns lived here | He wrote many of his finest songs and poems | including “To Mary in heaven” “Tam O’ Shanter” | “The address to the wounded hare” visitors | are invited to enter the house where | interesting relics of the poet can be seen.
Robert Burns Scotland | Burns’ House Dumfries
The family moved to a house in what is now called Burns Street in Dumfries. This is where he wrote songs which included “my love is like a red red Rose” and “man’s a man for all that” His days in Dumfries were spent as an excise man usually dressed in a decent suit of dark clothes. He had a distinguished head with large dark brown eyes and a high forehead and he walked with a slight stoop. At nearly 5 foot 10 ins (1.8 m) in height he was well known around town. He first moved to Dumfries when he was invited in 1787 by the Dumfries town Council who made him an honorary Burgess.
On the wall of his house i Dumfries are two plaques. The inscriptions read; (Upper Plaque) Robert Burns and his family moved | To this house in 1793 from the | Wee Vennel now Bank Street. | There he continued to write his songs | And here he died on 21st July 1796.(Lower Plaque) In this house the Scottish National poet, Robert Burns, Died on 21st July 1796. He died after a long illness, after trying many things to cure the illness even drinking from the Brow Well near Ruthwell on the advice of his doctor William Maxwell. The water from the well is stained reddish with the high levels of iron salts in the water, by drinking the iron-rich water he hoped it would cure him. After his decease his wife. Jean Armour continued to reside here until her death in 1834.The mortal remains of the poet and his wife are interred in the kirkyard of St Michael’s situated nearby.In 1851 this house was purchased by the poet’s son Colonel William Nicol E.I.C.S, and placed by him under the care of trustees for its maintenance as a memorial to his father.
Brow Well Ruthwell
The Brow Well can be found between Ruthwell and Caerlaverock Castle. The Brow Well was a place many visited on the advice of their doctors. The water was believed to having healing properties as it contains high deposit of iron and salts. Robert Burns stayed at the Brow Inn which is no longer there for a number of weeks. William Maxwell prescribed drinking from the Brow well, bathing in the Solway Firth, and drinking port wine. Three days after returning to Dumfries he died of what was heart disease on the 18th July 1796 at 37 years of age.
Robert Burns Scotland | Rose Garden Dumfries
Robert Burns Rose Garden is directly across from this House. The Rose Garden where can be seen murals and plaques that display Robert Burns works.
Robert Burns Scotland | The Selkirk Grace
Robert Burns Scotland| At the Plough
Robert Burns Scotland | Tam O’Shanter with Souter Johnie
Robert Burns Scotland | Jean Armour
Jean Armour wife to Robert Burns from Mauchline Ayrshire also died in Dumfries. She met Robert firstly at a dance in 1784 and later after a time she became pregnant (1786). On being told Jean was with child, Robert signed papers which, under the Scots law at that time, would constitute a marriage contract. Jean had twins, while separated from Robert and he had made plans to marry another. He had also had plans to go to Jamaica bot in fact went to Edinburgh. Jean went on to have nine children with Robert the last was born on the day of Robert Burns’ funeral. Only three of their children survived them, Jean Armour died at the age of 67, 38 years after her husband in 1834.
Robert Burns Scotland | St Michael’s Church Dumfries
Robert Burns was laid to rest in St Michael’s Burial Ground in Dumfries on the 25th July 1796. His original resting place was in the north west corner of the graveyard marked on the map as grave No. 46. There are also many other graves of friends of Robert Burns which have been marked with a small blue plaque and are all noted on the Friends of Robert Burns Memorial Stone that is in the graveyard. There is a great deal of thing to see in Dumfries connected with Robert Burns, a statue, his mausoleum in St Michael’s Churchyard, his house at 24 Burns Street and Robert Burns Centre.
Robert Burns Scotland | Ca the Yowes
The sculpture commemorating Robert Burns stands outside St Michael’s Church which depicts Robert Burns famous Song (Poem). Written in 1794 a collaboration between Robert Burns and Isabel Pagan. The stone was unveiled in 2013. Carved on the stone the inscription reads; Ca’ the yowes | To the knowes | Ca’ them where the | Burnie Rowes.
Robert Burns Scotland | Robert Burns’ Rock
Robert Burns Rock stands outside St Michael’s Church where Robert Burns is buried. The Rock created from Dumfries sandstone has a plaque that reads; Gifted by the peoples project, to mark the, 60th anniv|ersary of, the coronation of, HM The Queen, Unveiled by, HRH the Princess Royal, On 9th July 2013.
Robert Burns Scotland | Graveyard Map
The Pedestal and Map of graves of Friends of Robert Burns in St Michael’s graveyard.
Friends of Robert Burns this is No.44 Mrs McCulloch and No 46 is marked with a plaque that reads “site of original grave of Robert Burns”
Robert Burns Scotland | Memorial Stone Bench
The stone bench beside the mausoleum is inscribed with; “The heart ay’s the part ay, That makes us right or wrang”.
Robert Burns Scotland | Robert Burns Mausoleum
Robert Burns Mausoleum and Grave Stone inscription; In memory of | Robert Burns | who died 21st July 1796 | and | Maxwell Burns | who died 25th April 1799 | age 2 years and 9 months. | Francis Wallace Burns | who died the 9th July 1803 | Age 14 years. His sons | the remains of Burns | removed into the vault below | 19th Sept 1815 and his two sons. | Also the remains of | Jean Armour. | Relic of the Poet; born Feb 1765. | Died 26th March 1834 | and Robert his eldest son | who died on the 14 May 1857. | Age 70 years.
The Wall relief depicts Robert Burns with Coila (who was the muse created by Robert Burns as a poetic device for his poem “The Vision” in which she provides inspiration and encouragement). Throwing her inspiring cloak over the poet as he works at the plough.
Robert Burns Scotland | Robert Burns Centre Dumfries
The Robert Burns Centre can be found on the shore of the River Nith close to the Old Bridge House Museum at the Devorgilla Bridge. The Burns Centre covers the life of Robert Burns with his connections to Dumfries and has many interesting original documents and relics that belonged to Robert Burns. The Robert Burns Centre also doubles as a Film House. Within the centre is Cafe and book shop. There is also an audio visual presentation (small charge) entrance to the centre is free.
Robert Burns Scotland | Dalkeith
The Robert Burns memorial drinking fountain is found in Dalkeith High Street near the museum. The inscription on the plaque of the fountain reads; The Burns monument | a cast iron drinking | fountain, was restored and | relocated to Dalkeith High | Street by Midlothian Council | assisted by Dalkeith Business | Renewal and Dalkeith | History Society. The fountain | was originally erected in the | High Street in 1899 to | commemorate the centenary | of the death of Robert Burns | The restored fountain was | unveiled on the | 25th January 2017.
Robert Burns Scotland | Bolton
Bolton is a small village in East Lothian Scotland where Robert Burns Mother and Brother and later sister lived. The present church was built by Gilbert Burns brother of Robert Burns. The plaque on the boundary wall of the church reads; Bolton Parish | In this churchyard | lies | the mortal remains | of the mother | brother and sister | of | Scotland’s National | Poet | Robert Burns.
Robert Burns Scotland | Burns Family Grave Bolton
The Grave of Gilbert Burns and his children Isabella, Agnes and Janet his mother Agnes Broun and sister Annabella.
Robert Burns Scotland | Grant’s Brae Bolton East Lothian
Bolton near Haddington East Lothian was where Robert Burns’ family stayed (mother and brother and later sister). Robert Burns’ brother Gilbert Burns (1760 – 1827) and mother, Agnes Broun 17 March 1732 – 14 January 1820. (and later his sister Annabella) moved to Bolton East Lothian from Ayrshire. Gilbert oversaw the building of the new Bolton parish church which was completed in 1809. The cottage at Grant’s Brae is no longer there, the house was demolished and a roadside monument stands in its place. No more than one hundred yards northeast lies the drinking well used by the Burns family. It was lovingly restored in 1932 and dedicated to Agnes Broun. The inscription on the monument at Grant’s Brae reads; Near this spot stood the house in which | lived and died | the mother | brother and sister of Scotland’s national poet Robert Burns.
Drinking Well at Grant’s Brae Bolton East Lothian
Where Robert Burns mother Agnes Burns (nee Broun) collected the water for the household needs. The house where she lived (Grants Brae) with her son Gilbert and daughter Annabella. Brother and sister of Robert Burns. Agnes Burns died 14 January 1820 age 88 years. She is buried in Bolton Church yard as are Gilbert, Annabella and Gilbert’s daughter.
The dedication states: “Drink of the pure crystals and not only be ye succoured but also refreshed in the mind. To the mortal and immortal memory and in noble tribute to her. Who not only gave a son to Scotland. But to the whole world and whose own doctrines he preached to humanity that we might learn?”.
Robert Burns Scotland | Prestonpans
Burns Memorial Garden
Robert Burns Memorial Garden and Cairn that commemorates the 200th anniversary of Robert Burns death. The Tam O’ Shanter mural can be found inside the Burns Gated shelter, next to the Robert Burns Memorial Cairn, in the Robert Burns memorial Garden.
Robert Burns Scotland | Burns Cairn Prestonpans
Pic Centre. – The inscriptions on the tablets read. The Cairn was unveiled | On the 26th July 1996 | To commemorate | The bicentenary | Of the death of the poet | Robert Burns.
Pic Right. – That I for poor auld | Scotland’s sake. | Some usefu’ plan or | beuk could make. | Or sing a sang. | at least.
Pic left. – O For a’ that, an’ a’ that, | It’s coming yet for a’ that, | That Man to Man, the world o’er, | Shall brothers be for a’ that.
Robert Burns Memorial Shelter
The writing above the doorway reads “BETTER A WEE BUSH THAN NAE BIELD” The translation is “it is better to have some shelter than no shelter at all”.
Robert Burns Garden Kinetic Sculpture
Prestonpans Burns Memorial Garden Kinetic Sculpture Leslie Frank Chorley