Orkney is an archipelago of the north coast of Scotland. Orkney has circa 70 islands, two third of which are uninhabited. The Mainland is the largest of which Kirkwall is its main centre. The Orkneys have been occupied for over 8000 years. Orkney has the oldest and best-preserved Neolithic sites in Europe. The village of Skara Brae on the west coast of the mainland near Loch Skaill is a Neolithic settlement, found in 1850 due to a storm unearthing the ruins and it is said to have been inhabited circa 4000 years. Once a Viking pirate stronghold before being taken over by Norway. circa 850. In 1746 after the defeat of the Jacobite army at Culloden, the Orkney Islands held out against the English army for over a month before it was taken. The population of the Orkney Islands is circa 20,000 in summer the cruise ships visit which bring in 100,000 of visitors, all be it on a daily basis.