Old Calton Burial Ground
Old Calton Burial Ground is on the south side of Calton Hill opposite the Apex Hotel in Waterloo Place Edinburgh. Firstly this burial ground was opened in 1718. Most noteworthy this is where the wealthy of Edinburgh were laid to rest. Maybe the most important memorial was the first of its king to be erected outside of Washington D.C. America and the only one of its kind world wide. A memorial to the American Civil War a statue of Abraham Lincoln erected in 1893 . Many important Edinburgh people are buried here.
The Martyr’s Obelisk Old Calton Burial Ground Waterloo Place Edinburgh.
In 1793 members of the Friends of the People, a universal suffrage movement, were brought to trial and deported to Australia. They were charged with treason for attempting to correspond with the French. Their true crime the judges believed was, they wanted voting rights for all. The men became known as the Chartist Martyrs. Thomas Muir of Hunter’s Hill was their leading figure, consequently he, along with four others who followed him, were banished to Botany Bay in Australia on 30 August 1793. The men went on to become prosperous citizens in Australia. THOMAS MUIR, THOMAS FYSHE PALMER, WILLIAM SKIRVING MAURICE MARCAROT and JOSEPH GERRALD. The Obelisk memorial was erected in 1844 across from Calton Hill.
Tomb Old of David Hume Calton Burial Ground Waterloo Place Edinburgh
David Hume was born on the 26 April 1711 in Edinburgh. He was a Scottish philosopher and historian. He was one of the most important figures in the history of Western philosophy and the Scottish Enlightenment. Educated at the University of Edinburgh. David certainly achieved great literary fame as a historian publishing The History of England. David Hume lived from 1771 until his death in 1776 at his home in St. Andrew Square in Edinburgh’s New Town. The actual site of his home is 21 St David Street. There are two thoughts on how St David Street was named 1st after King David I and the other after David Hume.
Old Calton Burial Ground with Abraham Lincoln and David Hume’s Tomb and other graves.
Statue of David Hume in the Royal Mile Lawnmarket Edinburgh. David Hume Scottish National Portrait Gallery. David Hume’s Tomb Old Calton Graveyard Waterloo Place Edinburgh.
The house where David Hume lived is no longer there. It is now occupied by the Ivy Restaurant.
Abraham Lincoln Civil War Memorial
Most noteworthy part of the graveyard, beside Hume’s tomb, stands Abraham Lincoln. The memorial was erected in 1893. It depicts a standing figure of Abraham Lincoln, with a freed slave giving thanks at his feet. A bronze shield bears the old US flag, and is wreathed in thistles to the left, and cotton to the right. Two regimental flags lay furled, the battle being over. A man holds a book, indicating that he is not only free, he is also now educated.
American Union Army memorial
While this was the first statue to an American President in any country out with the USA. Also it is the only statue of Lincoln in Scotland, and the only monument to the American Civil War out with the USA. Erected at the expense of American people and dedicated to a small group of Scots, only one of whom, William Duff, is buried under the monument. The others rest nearby. Lincoln felt indebted, and wished their graves to be marked. They had all fought for the Union (the North) in the American Civil War. The inscription, “To preserve the jewel of liberty in the framework of Freedom” is a quotation from the writings of Abraham Lincoln.
Those interred and honoured;
Sergeant Major John McEwan, Company H 65th Regiment Illinois Infantry
William L Duff, Lt Col 2nd Illinois Regiment of Artillery
Robert Steedman, Company E 5th Regiment Maine Infantry Volunteers
James Wilkie, Company C 1st Michigan Cavalry
Robert Ferguson Company F 57th Regiment New York Infantry Volunteers
Alexander Smith Company G 66th Regiment New York Infantry Volunteers
Daniel Stewart born in Logierait, Killin, Perthshire in 1741. As a wig-maker he served his employer for many years and on his death his employer left a sum of money to Daniel which he invested in property as a result became a wealthy merchant. He was also appointed master of the Exchequer in Edinburgh. Daniel never married. Therefore he left his money to the Merchant Company of Edinburgh to fund a Hospital (school) for orphan and destitute boys. Daniel Stewart died in 1814 and is buried in Old Calton Burial ground. Stewart’s Melville College is certainly Edinburgh’s best independent Day and Boarding School for boys aged 12 – 18 in Edinburgh.
Thomas Hamilton (1784 – 1858)
Thomas Hamilton Architect and Builder from Glasgow had his main business in Edinburgh. He was certainly the leading Greek Revivalists in Scotland of Enlightenment Architecture. Most noteworthy places he was attributed to in Edinburgh are the the Royal High School, Royal College of Physicians, George IV Bridge, Dean Gallery and the Martyrs’ Obelisk all designed by Thomas Hamilton. Finally he was buried in the Old Calton Burial Ground.
John and James Playfair
James and John Playfair memorial Old Calton Burial Ground Edinburgh. John Playfair was a minister of the Church of Scotland. He was also a professor of natural philosophy at the University of Edinburgh. Furthermore he was also an Astronomer Geologist and mathematician. His brother James was a Scottish Architect. They were both uncles to William Henry Playfair who similarly to James, possibly became Scotland’s greatest Architect. Both buried in Old Calton Burial Ground.
Archibald Constable was born in Fife Scotland in 1774. Firstly in 1788 on moving to Edinburgh he became an apprentice book seller. Starting his own business in 1795 dealing in rare books he quickly became well thought of and became publisher of the Edinburgh Review and also purchased the Scots Magazine in 1801. They certainly being two of the most popular of their time. He lived in South Leith 3 Park Place and died on 21 July 1827 age 52. He is buried in Old Calton Burial Ground Edinburgh.
Robert Burn was a very prominent builder and Architect in Edinburgh and father of William Burn also to become an architect (possibly one of the great Architects of Britain). Born in 1752 at Jessfield, North Leith. Later he was to own the estate of Jessfield North Leith. A master Mason by trade and Burgess of Edinburgh. Father of 16 children his wife erected a Gothic tomb in his honour in the Old Calton Burial Ground in 1816 where he is buried.